Lady Byng Memorial Trophy

Lady Byng Trophy
Awarded to the player “adjudged to have exhibited the best type of sportsmanship and gentlemanly conduct combined with a high standard of playing ability” and named after Lady Evelyn Byng, the wife of former Canadian Governor General (1921-26) Baron Byng of Vimy. Following his term as Governor General, Lord and Lady Byng returned to England where he was raised in the peerage as Viscount. He served as Commissioner of the London Metropolitan Police and was promoted to the rank of Field Marshal, finally retiring with his wife to Essex, England. Lord Byng died in 1935 and Lady Byng returned to Canada during World War II to live with friends. She died in 1949.
Frank Boucher was given the trophy to keep in 1935, after he had won it for the seventh time in eight years, and Lady Byng donated a duplicate to replace it.

When Lady Byng died in 1949 the National Hockey then established a new award, called the Lady Byng Memorial Trophy.

The winner is chosen by a poll of Professional Hockey Writers' Association members.

Multiple winners: Frank Boucher (7); Wayne Gretzky (5); Red Kelly (4); Bobby Bauer, Mike Bossy, Alex Delvecchio and Ron Francis (3); Johnny Bucyk, Marcel Dionne, Paul Kariya, Dave Keon, Stan Mikita, Joey Mullen, Frank Nighbor, Jean Ratelle, Clint Smith and Sid Smith (2).


Dave Keon winner, LadyByung in 1962

Dave Keon

Won the Lady Byng Trophy in
1962 and 1963.
He was also the runner up in
1964, 1967, & 1971.
Dave Keon winner LadyByng in 1963

Note: Bill Quackenbush 1949 and Red Kelly 1951 were the only defensemen to win the Lady Byng. Until Brian Cambell in 2011-12 season with the Florida Pathers.

Recipients

Year First Name Last Name Team
 
2012-13 Martin St. Louis Tampa Bay Lightning
2011-12 Brian Campbell Florida Pathers
2010-11 Martin St. Louis Tampa Bay Lightning
2009-10 Martin St. Louis Tampa Bay Lightning
2008-9 Pavel Datsyuk Detroit Red Wings
2007-8 Pavel Datsyuk Detroit Red Wings
2006-7 Pavel Datsyuk Detroit Red Wings
2005-6 Pavel Datsyuk Detroit Red Wings
2004-5 Brad Richards Tampa Bay Lightning
2003 Alexander Mogilny Toronto Maple Leafs
2002 Ron Francis Carolina Hurricanes
2001 Joe Sakic Colarodo Avalanche
2000 Pavol Demitra St. Louis Blues
1999 Wayne Gretzky New York Rangers
1998 Ron Francis Pittsburgh Penguins
1997 Paul Kariya Anaheim Mighty Ducks
1996 Paul Kariya Anaheim Mighty Ducks
1995 Ron Francis Pittsburgh Penguins
1994 Wayne Gretzky Los Angeles Kings
1993 Pierre Turgeon New York Islanders
1992 Wayne Gretzky Los Angeles Kings
1991 Wayne Gretzky Los Angeles Kings
1990 Brett Hull St. Louis Blues
1989 Joe Mullen Calgary Flames
1988 Mats Naslund Montreal Canadiens
1987 Joe Mullen Calgary Flames
1986 Mike Bossy New York Islanders
1985 Jari Kurri Edmonton Oilers
1984 Mike Bossy New York Islanders
1983 Mike Bossy New York Islanders
1982 Rick Middleton Boston Bruins
1981 Rick Kehoe Pittsburgh Penguins
1980 Wayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers
1979 Bob MacMillan Atlanta Flames
1978 Butch Goring Los Angeles Kings
1977 Marcel Dionne Los Angeles Kings
1976 Jean Ratelle NY Rangers/Bruins
1975 Marcel Dionne Detroit Red Wings
1974 John Bucyk Boston Bruins
1973 Gilbert Perreault Buffalo Sabres
1972 Jean Ratelle New York Rangers
1971 John Bucyk Boston Bruins
1970 Phil Goyette St. Louis Blues
1969 Alex Delvecchio Detroit Red Wings
1968 Stan Mikita Chicago Blackhawks
1967 Stan Mikita Chicago Blackhawks
1966 Alex Delvecchio Detroit Red Wings
1965 Bobby Hull Chicago Blackhawks
1964 Ken Wharram Chicago Blackhawks
1963 Dave Keon Toronto Maple Leafs
1962 Dave Keon Toronto Maple Leafs
1961 Red Kelly Toronto Maple Leafs
1960 Don McKenney Boston Bruins
1959 Alex Delvecchio Detroit Red Wings
1958 Camille Henry New York Rangers
1957 Andy Hebenton New York Rangers
1956 Earl Reibel Detroit Red Wings
1955 Sid Smith Toronto Maple Leafs
1954 Red Kelly Detroit Red Wings
1953 Red Kelly Detroit Red Wings
1952 Sid Smith Toronto Maple Leafs
1951 Red Kelly Detroit Red Wings
1950 Edgar Laprade New York Rangers
1949 Bill Quackenbush Detroit Red Wings
1948 Buddy O'Connor New York Rangers
1947 Bobby Bauer Boston Bruins
1946 Toe Blake Montreal Canadiens
1945 Bill Mosienko Chicago Blackhawks
1944 Clint Smith Chicago Blackhawks
1943 Max Bentley Chicago Blackhawks
1942 Syl Apps Toronto Maple Leafs
1941 Bobby Bauer Boston Bruins
1940 Bobby Bauer Boston Bruins
1939 Clint Smith New York Rangers
1938 Gordie Drillon Toronto Maple Leafs
1937 Marty Barry Detroit Red Wings
1936 Doc Romnes Chicago Blackhawks
1935 Frank Boucher New York Rangers
1934 Frank Boucher New York Rangers
1933 Frank Boucher New York Rangers
1932 Joe Primeau Toronto Maple Leafs
1931 Frank Boucher New York Rangers
1930 Frank Boucher New York Rangers
1929 Frank Boucher New York Rangers
1928 Frank Boucher New York Rangers
1927 Billy Burch New York Americans
1926 Frank Nighbor Ottawa Senators
1925 Frank Nighbor Ottawa Senators


Field Marshal, The Viscount Byng of Vimy

Field Marshal, The Viscount Byng of Vimy

Sir Julian Hedworth George Byng, Viscount Byng of Vimy

Governor General: 1921 - 1926
Appointed: August 2, 1921
Sworn In: August 11, 1921, Quebec City, Quebec
Born: September 11, 1862, Wrotham Park, England
Died: June 6, 1935

Lord Byng was well-known to Canadians before his appointment as Governor General. In 1916, during the First World War, he took command of the Canadian Army Corps on the western front. He gained his greatest glory with the Canadian victory at Vimy Ridge in April 1917, an historic military victory for Canada that inspired nationalism at home. During his travels across the country throughout his term of office, he was enthusiastically greeted by the men he had led.

Lord Byng's appointment was less controversial than that of his predecessor, the Duke of Devonshire. This was partly due to his popularity but also because he was appointed following direct consultation with the Canadian government. Lord Byng took to his office enthusiastically, further entrenching many of the traditions established by his predecessors. He also broke with tradition and was the first Governor General to appoint Canadian aides-de-camp -- one of them was Georges Vanier, who later served as Governor General from 1959 - 1967.

He was always passionate about sport, and both he and his wife particularly loved ice hockey Lord Byng rarely missed a game played by the Ottawa Senators. In 1925, Lady Byng presented a trophy to the National Hockey League, which, to this day, recognizes sportsmanship and excellence in play.

Lord and Lady Byng also travelled more than any of their predecessors, making extended trips to western Canada and the North, taking the opportunity to meet with many Canadians. Lord Byng established the Governor General's Cup at the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair, and Lady Byng created a rock garden at Rideau Hall, which still delights visitors today.

The most notable issue during Lord Byng's term of office was the "King-Byng Affair" a political crisis that arose between the Governor General and Prime Minister Mackenzie King. It was watched closely by both the Canadian and British governments, and came to redefine the role of Governor General.

Traditionally, the position of Governor General had represented both the Sovereign (the King or Queen of Canada) and the British government, a situation that had evolved with Lord Byng's predecessors and the Canadian government as well as the Canadian people into a tradition of non-interference in Canadian political affairs.


In September 1924, Prime Minister Mackenzie King requested a dissolution of Parliament to call an election, which Lord Byng granted. In the 1925 election, the Conservative party won the most seats, but not a majority. Counting on the support of the Progressive Party to overcome the Conservative minority, Mackenzie King, the Liberal Party leader, did not resign as Prime Minister and remained in power in the House of Commons until 1926.

Then, a political scandal in the Ministry of Customs and Excise became public, and in Parliament the Conservative Party alleged that the corruption extended to the highest levels of government, including the Prime Minister. Mackenzie King fired the Minister of Customs and promptly named him to the Senate, creating even more dismay among the members of the Progressive Party, who had already been withdrawing their support for the Liberal government.

Facing a third vote on the question of government corruption, and having already lost two previous votes on questions of procedure, Mr. King went to the Governor General seeking a dissolution of Parliament. Lord Byng refused the request and the crisis began. Prime Minister King requested that before any decision was made, Lord Byng consult the British government which he represented. Governor General Byng again refused, citing non-interference in Canadian affairs.

The next day, Mr. King presented Lord Byng with an Order-in-Council seeking the dissolution of Parliament, which Lord Byng refused to sign. As a result, Canada was left temporarily without a Prime Minister and government until the Governor General invited Arthur Meighen to form a government. Mr. Meighen did so, but within a week lost a non-confidence vote in the House of Commons. Prime Minister Meighen requested a dissolution of Parliament, which was granted by Governor General Byng, and a new election was called.

Politically, much was made of the 'Byng-King Crisis' during the election campaign. The Liberals were returned to power with a clear majority and Mackenzie King as Prime Minister. Once in power, Mackenzie King's government sought to redefine the role of Governor General as a representative of the Sovereign and not the British government, and this was soon put into effect.

On leaving Canada on September 30, 1926, the Byng's returned to England with many close friendships they had established while serving Canada. Lord Byng had worked to represent the interest of Canadians as much as possible, and despite the political crisis, did leave a much-respected man.

Life Before and After Rideau Hall

Lord Byng had studied at Eton, and then began a military career in which he saw service in India and in South Africa during the war of 1899 - 1900. During this campaign, he asked Marie Evelyn Moreton, the only daughter of Sir Richard Charles Moreton, comptroller at Rideau Hall during the term of office of the Marquess of Lorne, to marry him. He was so anxious to receive an answer that he asked her to send her reply by cable. Lord Byng framed her answer, "Yes, please return immediately", and kept it on his desk for the rest of his life. They were married on April 30, 1902, and had no children.


When the First World War came, Lord Byng first campaigned in France with the British Expeditionary Force as commander of the Cavalry Corps. Later, he commanded the 9th Army Corps in the ill-fated Dardanelles Campaign and supervised the withdrawal from the Straits. By 1916, he was given the command of the Canadian Army Corps. Following the victory at Vimy Ridge, Lord Byng took command of the 3rd British Army where he conducted the first surprise attack using tanks at Cambrai, considered a turning point in the war. For these services he was promoted to the rank of general, and after the war was raised to the peerage as 1st Baron Byng of Vimy of Thorpe-le-Soken, in Essex, on October 7, 1919.

Following his term as Governor General, Lord and Lady Byng returned to England where he was raised in the peerage as Viscount. He served as Commissioner of the London Metropolitan Police and was promoted to the rank of Field Marshal, finally retiring with his wife to Essex, England. Lord Byng died in 1935 and Lady Byng returned to Canada during World War II to live with friends. She died in 1949.

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